Identification of Diagenetic Facies Based on Diagenetic Process: An Example from Paleogene Lake Sediment Sandstone in Bozhong X Oilfield
Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2018, Pages: 158-165
Received: Jun. 3, 2018;
Accepted: Jun. 19, 2018;
Published: Jul. 7, 2018
Views 312 Downloads 27
Qian Wendao, School of Geoscience of Yangtze University, Wuhan, China
Yin Taiju, School of Geoscience of Yangtze University, Wuhan, China
Sun Shaochuan, Zhongyuan Oilfield of Sinopec, Puyang, China
Zhang Changmin, School of Geoscience of Yangtze University, Wuhan, China
Hou Guowei, Shanghai Branch of CNOOC Ltd., Shanghai, China
He Miao, Shanghai Branch of CNOOC Ltd., Shanghai, China
Xia Min, School of Geoscience of Yangtze University, Wuhan, China
Based on diagenetic evolution, reservoir diagenetic facies evolution was restored in burial history through quantitatively calculating the original porosity reconstructed by compaction, cementation and dissolution using core measurement data. The essence of this method was illustrated and its effectiveness was demonstrated using Paleogene lake sediment sandstone in Bozhong X oilfield, Bohai Bay Basin, China. Because diagenetic field changes as the structure depth increases or decreases and acts on deposition, diagenetic facies can be significantly different in different geological period. The Ed1 reservoir has experienced such an evolutionary process of W-Com_W-Cla-C_M-Car-C to M-Com_M-Clay-C_W-Qua-C_W-Fel-D_W-Car-D to M-Com_M-Cla-C_W-Qua-C_W-Fel-D_W-Car-D, while the Ed2 , the Ed3 and the Es1 are W-Com_W-Cla-C to M-Com_M-Cla-C-S-Com_S-Clay-C_W-Qua-C_W-Fel-D to S-Com_S-Cla-C_W-Qua-C_M-Fel-D, M-Com_W-Cla-C_W-Qua-C_W-Fel-D to M-Com_M-Cla-C_W-Qua-C_W-Fel-D to S-Com_M-Clay-C_W-Qua-C_S-Fel-D to S-Com_S-Clay-C_M-Qua-C_S-Fel-D and M-Com_W-Cla-C_W-Car-C to M-Com_M-Cla-C_W-Car-C_M-Fel-D_W-Car-D to M-Com_M-Clay-C_S-Fel-D_M-Car-D to S-Com_M-Cla-C _S-Fel-D_ M-Car-D respectively. Through this study, the reason for the dynamic change of sand body in the diagenetic field and the anisotropy of the reservoir are revealed.
Identification of Diagenetic Facies Based on Diagenetic Process: An Example from Paleogene Lake Sediment Sandstone in Bozhong X Oilfield, Earth Sciences.
Vol. 7, No. 4,
2018, pp. 158-165.
Xu Jie, Ji Fengju, 2015. The structure and evolution of the Bohai Bay Basin, Seismological Press.
Jian Wang, Yingchang Cao, Keyu Liu, Jie Liu and Muhammad Kashif, 2017. Identification of sedimentary-diagenetic facies and reservoir porosity and permeability prediction: An example from the Eocene beach-bar sandstone in the Dongying Depression, China Original Research Article. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 82: 69-84.
Rahid D. Dzevanshir, Leonid A. Buryakocskiy et al., 1985. Simple quantitative ecaluation of porosity of argillaceous sediments at carious depths of burial. Sedimentary Geology, 46:169-175.
D. Marc Audet and J. Desomnd C. McConell, 1992. Establishing resolution limits for tectonic subsidence curves by forward basin modeling. Marine and Petroleum, 11: 400-412.
David B. Bahr, Eric W.H.Hutton et al, 2001. Exponential approximations to compacted sediment porosity profiles. Computers and Geosciences 27:691-700.
Craig E. Manning, 1994. The solubility of quartz in H2O in the lower crust and upper mantle. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 58(22):4831-4839.
Randolph T. Williams, John R. Farver, et al., 2014. An experimental investigation of the role of microfracture surfaces in controlling quartz precipitation rate: Applications to fault zone diagenesis. Journal of Structural Geology 74:24-30.
Carthers W W, Kharaka Y K, 1978. Aliphatic acid anions in oil-field waters: Implications for origin of natural gas. AAPG Bulletin, 62(12):2441-2453.
Yang Yunkun Liu Bo et al., 2013. Dissolution response mechanism of the carbonate mieral with the increase of depth and its reservoir significance. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis, 49(5):859-867.
Sun Zhixue, Sun Zhilei et al., 2010. Characteristics of carbonate cements in sandstone reservoirs :A case from Yanchang Formation , middle and southern Ordos Basin , China. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 37(5):543-551.
Guanghui Yuan, Yingchang Cao, Jon Gluyas, Zhenzhen Jia, 2017. Reactive transport modeling of coupled feldspar dissolution and secondary mineral precipitation and its implication for diagenetic interaction in sandstones. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 207:232–255.
Ying Fengxiang, He Dondbo, Long Yumei, Lin Xisheng, 2003. The division of diagenetic stages in clastic rocks (SY/T 5477-2003) (in Chinese).
Zahra Sadat Mashhadi, Ahmad Reza Rabbani, Mohammad Reza Kamali et al., 2015. Burial and thermal maturity modeling of the Middle Cretaceous-Early Miocene petroleum system, Iranian sector of the Persian Gulf. Petroleum Science. 2015(03): 367–390.
Orhan Mahmic, Henning Dypvik, Erik Hammer, 2018. Diagenetic influence on reservoir quality evolution, examples from Triassic conglomerates/arenites in the Edvard Grieg field, Norwegian North Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology. 93, 247-271.
Taylor, T. R., Giles, M. R., Hathon, L. A., Diggs, T.N., Braunsdorf, N. R., Birbiglia, G. V., Kittridge, M. K., Macaulay, C. I., Espejo, I. S., 2010. Sandstone diagenesis and reservoir quality prediction: models, myths, and reality. AAPG (Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol.) Bull. 94(8), 1093–1132.
Jian Wang, Yingchang Cao, Keyu Liu, Jie Liu and Muhammad Kashif, 2017. Identification of sedimentary-diagenetic facies and reservoir porosity and permeability prediction: An example from the Eocene beach-bar sandstone in the Dongying Depression, ChinaOriginal Research Article. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 82: 69-84.
Olav Walderhaug, 1996. Kinetic modeling of quartz cementation and porosity loss in deeply buried sandstone reservoirs. AAPG Bulletin, 80(5): 731–745.
Randolph T. Williams, John R. Farver, Charles M. Onasch, Daniel F. Winslow, 2015. An experimental investigation of the role of microfracture surfaces in controlling quartz precipitation rate: Applications to fault zone diagenesis. Journal of Structural Geology 74 (2015) 24-30.
R.H. Lander, O Walderhaug, 1999. Predicting porosity through simulating sandstone compaction and quartz cementation. AAPG Bulletin, 83 (3): 433-449.
QIAN Wendao, YIN Taiju, ZHANG Changmin, HOU Guowei, HE Miao, Xia Min and Wang Hao 2017.Forming Condition and Geology Prediction Techniques of Deep Clastic Reservoirs Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), 91(supp. 1):255-256.
Ying Fengxiang, Zheng junmao et al., 1997. Diagenetic sequence and model of reservoirs of coal-bearing formation for prediction oil and gas distribution.Petrolem scientific and Technological paper (In Chinese) 4:19-24.
Ahmed Awadalla, Omar A. Hegab, Mohammed A. Ahmed, Saad Hassan, 2018. Burial and thermal history simulation of the Abu Rudeis-Sidri oil field, Gulf of Suez-Egypt: A1D basin modeling study. Journal of African Earth Sciences,138: 86-101.
Stephan Stricker, Stuart J. Jones, Shanvas Sathar, Leon Bowen, Norman Oxtoby, 2015. Exceptional reservoir quality in HPHT reservoir settings: Examples from the Skagerrak Formation of the Heron Cluster, North Sea, UK. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 77: 198-215.
K.E. Higgs, E. M. Crouch, J. I. Raine, 2016. An interdisciplinary approach to reservoir characterisation; an example from the early to middle Eocene Kaimiro Formation, Taranaki Basin, New Zealand. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 86: 111-139.
Guanghui Yuan,Yingchang Cao, Yongchao Zhang, Jon Gluyas, 2016. Diagenesis and reservoir quality of sandstones with ancient “deep” incursion of meteoric freshwaterddAn example in the Nanpu Sag, Bohai Bay Basin, East China. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 82: 444-464.